SUN SOLARIS Commands and Notes
SUN Solaris commands to change IPs
# ifconfig <interface> <ip_address> netmask <mask_address> broadcast <broadcast_address>
if your NT machine is 22.214.171.124 and the interface for your Solaris box is hme0,
# ifconfig hme0 126.96.36.199 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 188.8.131.52
Put the new IP address into /etc/hosts next to the host name and then issue:
ifconfig <interface> <new_IP>
ie. if your interface is le0 and your new IP is 192.x.x.x then do:
ifconfig le0 192.x.x.x
and your done. If you're changing your IP class the you'll have to change the netmask as well. This can be done on the same line:
ifconfig le0 192.x.x.x netmask 255.255.255.0
ifconfig -a shows ip information for interfaces...
If you want to test default route dynamically add
this route "route add default x.x.x.x"
Or all the files:
The files which contain IP information are
/etc/nodename Contains the hostname of the machine
/etc/domainname Contains the NIS/NIS+ domainname
/etc/hosts Contains the host to IP database
/etc/hostname.<if> Contains the interface name to be matched in
/etc/defaultrouter Contains the default router IP address
/etc/resolv.conf Contains nameserver IP and DNS domain name
/etc/nsswitch.conf Contains database lookup rules
/etc/ethers Contains ethernet to hostname database
/etc/networks Contains netname to netIP database
/etc/netmasks Contains network to netmask database
Adding and modifying users
admintool -creates users and passwords
or use the useradmin tool though the gui.
SUN partition table help:
Partitions needed for Solaris 2.6 (or5.6 pending on how you look at it)
/ Size small
swap Size, should be same as amount of memory
backup or ??? Size, should be total drive space
Disk Slot Number
Logical Device Name
Physical Device Name
# format /dev/rdsk/c0t5d0s2
disk - select a disk
type - select (define) a disk type
partition - select (define) a partition table
current - describe the current disk
format - format and analyze the disk
repair - repair a defective sector
label - write label to the disk
analyze - surface analysis
defect - defect list management
backup - search for backup labels
verify - read and display labels
save - save new disk/partition definitions
inquiry - show vendor, product and revision
volname - set 8-character volume name
I normally do a 'boot -r' from the ok> prompt .. another method is to
touch /reconfigure and reboot (via shutdown -i6 -g0 -y0) .. I've always
done it the first way though.
Bad magic # is coming up because the drives haven't been
formatted/labelled yet. That should go away once you boot -r and
SUN general commands:
sun console settings:
/etc/hosts -hosts file
ps -e -shows all processes
who -a -who's logged into system w/IDs
To get the terminal settings to display on a VT100 terminal:
TERM=vt100, then type export TERM, then everything should be lined up.
To install patches:
get file to server with FTP, be sure to use BINary mode to transfer file to server
if file is compressed (filename.tar.Z) use uncompress [filename]
tar file: tar -xf [filename]
install the patch: patchadd [filename]
Notes from install for IE and Netscape:
default install locations:
/usr/local/microsoft/bin/iexplorer OR /opt/microsoft/bin/iexplorer
Fix for IE bug with the registry settings:
copy /.microsoft directory into the home directory of user.
run iexplorer as root, two .bin files are created in /.microsoft---
Copy these files into user home directory and chown them to that user.
Log off and login as user, should be good to go.
To create users use admintool. Must be used in Desktop environment.
By default there are many accounts availible. adm and root are default accounts. root can't be used for telnet. change password for adm and use it to telnet into box, then SU to superuser mode to pull up admintool.
stty erase [backspace]
login command for solaris login for use with reflection x
using the telnet method...
(/usr/openwin/bin/xterm -fn 6x13 -sb -ls -display %IP#% -name %T% &)
init levels (for shutdown of machine)(need to be root)
init 0 shutsdown to firmware
init 5 shutdown machine so it's safe to kill power
init 6 reboots machine
To break boot sequence it's
[ctrl] + [break]
[alt] + [ctrl] + [break]
find /etc -type f -print|xargs grep `hostname`
For install to occur, can stick CD in and ./installer -nodisplay to run the menu driven installer from CLI.
eject cdrom to eject cds...